Терминологический словарь по логистике

А :: Б :: В :: Г :: Д :: Е :: Ж :: З :: И :: К :: Л :: М :: Н :: О :: П :: Р :: С :: Т :: У :: Ф :: Х :: Ц :: Ч :: Ш :: Э :: Ю :: Я
A :: B :: C :: D :: E :: F :: G :: H :: I :: J :: L :: M :: N :: O :: P :: Q :: R :: S :: T :: U :: V :: W :: Y


The person who tallies, checks, or keeps an account or record of the goods when they are loaded or unloaded.

tank container

A container consisting of one or more tanks and the framework, to be identified by type codes 70 to 79.


Weight of an unloaded goods vehicle.

tare weight of container

The weight of an empty container. The tare weight includes all fittings required for normal operations.


List of fixed prices. In transport tariff refers to rates, charges and other conditions related to the transport of cargo.


Either end of a carrier line which has the facilities required for the handling of freight and passengers.

terms of delivery

The conditions which control an agreement on the delivery of goods between a supplier and a customer.

terms of freight

The conditions which control an agreement between a carrier and a freight forwarder concerning freight and associated charges, including whether the charges are to be paid in advance or collected later on.

terms of payment

The conditions which control an agreement between a supplier and a customer regarding the payments of goods or services.

thermal container

A container built to keep the heat inside through insulation of container walls, doors, floor and roof. The aim is to prevent heat exchange between the inside of the container and the air surrounding it.

third party

A third party involved in a shipment, which is neither the consignee nor the forwarder of the cargo. The third party pays a fee for the transport of goods to the carrier. A third party could for example be an insurance company.

through charge

In aircargo: a through rate from the point of departure to the final destination, which can also be a combination of single rates.

TIR carnet

A customs transit document for the international transport of goods. The goods are transported under the auspices of the customs authorities which approved of the TIR carnet drawn up by a guaranteeing association, and are usually sealed in the container by these authorities, as required in the customs conventions on international cargo transport.


Unit of weight: A ton corresponds to 1000 kg in the metric system, 2 240 pounds (long ton) in Britain or 2000 pounds (short ton) in the US.Unit of cubic measurement: a unit of internal capacity for ships equal to 100 cubic feet, also called register ton.Freight ton: unit of measurement to calculate freights.


Carrying capacity of a ship, its cubic content in units of 100 cubic feet. Also the total cargo weight measured in tons.

top deck

A surface used to transport cargo, which is flat and either slatted or solid.

total quality control (TQC)

The action of controlling the quality standard in order to perfect the quality of products or services rendered and thus achieve customer satisfaction. TQC is sometimes also applied in conjunction with just-in-time production, where it adds to the quality control aspects already inherent in JIT.


To follow the tracks or trace the whereabouts of a vehicle or ship.

trade document

A term comprising all types of documents used in trade operations.


The movement of goods, passengers or vehicles through an area or along a route.


A non-automotive vehicle designed to transport something, which is hauled by road by a motor vehicle.

tramp vessel

A ship which does not operate regularly, which does not have a fixed schedule.

Trans Siberian Landbridge

The land route connecting Europe to the Far East via the Trans Siberian Railway (TSR).


To transfer goods for further transportation from one ship or conveyance to another.Customs: To tranship goods under the control of one customs office from the importing means of transport to the exporting means of transport. It is a customs procedure by which the goods are imported and immediately exported again by the same customs office.


A process of passing through or over or the conveyance of persons or things from one place to another.Customs: A procedure according to which cargo or passengers pass from one customs office to another under customs control, whereby the cargo can pass:in inward transit, i.e. from an import office to an inland customs office; in outward transit, i.e. from an inland customs office to an export office; in through transit, i.e. from an import office to an export office; in interior transit, i.e. from one inland customs office to another. Inward transit, outward transit and through transit are referred to as international customs transit if they are done in a single transit operation crossing several frontiers. A prerequisite for this is a bilateral agreement.

transit cargo

Cargo in the process of passing through the customs of a country which is not its final destination so that the goods are not cleared. In aircargo the term is used to describe cargo on board a plane which arrives in a place which is not its final destination in a plane stop-over. It is not unloaded but departs again on the same flight.

transit international par route (TIR)

Term used to describe the rules set up by a customs convention, which are aimed at facilitating cargo transport by road both internationally and Europe-wide. For this purpose TIR carnets were created.


A receiver-transmitter device used for identification. It automatically transmits a signal when the proper interrogating signal is received.


The action of moving cargo or people from one place to another.

transport broker

A person mediating between the consigner and consignee of cargo on the one hand and the carrier on the other hand with regard to the means of transport used for the shipment.

transport document

Any document required to forward cargo.

transport insurance

An agreement by contract which protects the owner of a shipment against certain risks which may result in damage or loss of cargo during transportation.

transport packing

The wrapping of cargo for the purpose of transport, which, however, does not comprise pallets, containers and the like.

transport planning

The action of planning how to transport goods and determining the transport capacity required for this.

transport time

The net time required to transport goods from one place to another, not including waiting times before loading and after unloading.

truck manifest

A list on which all items loaded on a means of transport are documented which serves as a reference on the whereabouts of cargo consigned.


A load or amount that fills or could fill a truck.Also: maximum amount of weight with which a truck type may be loaded expressed in terms of a quantity of cargo which has that weight.


A surface which divides a hold horizontally and on which cargo is stored.

twenty foot equivalent unit (TEU)

A standard unit which was introduced to describe the capacity of container ships or container terminals. One TEU measures 6,10 m. Two TEUs equal one 40´ ISO series 1 container.


Fixing pieces which serve to secure ITUs (Intermodal Transport Units) to a ship or vehicle carrying the load.

two-way pallet

A pallet which a fork lift truck can lift only from two sides opposite one another.

Поиск по сайтуЯndex